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A haiku is a short form of Japanese poetry in three phrases, typically following three rules:
However, 'good' haiku are said to contain other qualities:
Another form, Senryū, generally addresses aspects of human nature in a satirical or comical manner.
The 5-7-5 structure should not be observed as a strict rule, lest it become too cramped a cage that compromises the poem's flow. It's the pursuit of essence, efficiency and the impression of spontaneity that make up the DNA of a haiku or senryū poem, not its syllable count.